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INSTRUCTIONS:


1. Answer all questions.

2. It may be possible to write answers which overlap (i.e. to write about the same subject twice). This should be avoided.

Scripts will be penalised if there is a repetition of material.

3. The time allowed is TWO HOURS.  Marks will be allocated as follows:

Question 1 – 30 marks (15 marks each)

Question 2 – 25 marks

Question 3 – 20 marks

Question 4 – 25 marks

4. Please send this paper by first-class post after it has been done to:

A.H.Beadles,Chaff Barn, Downyard, Compton Pauncefoot, Yeovil, Somerset.  BA22 7EL. Tel: 01963 440461.  e-mail: tonybeadles@me.com

Please enclose a formal certificate stating that the timetable was properly observed and proper invigilation provided.  Candidates whose papers are sent without this certificate are liable to disqualification.


Use the time appropriately.



1. Write fully on TWO of the following:


Boudicca’s Rebellion (61)

Roman Roads in Britain

The Fall of the Roman Empire (410 on)

St Augustine of Canterbury (d 604)

The Vikings

The Great Wall of China

The importance of the Battle of Stamford Bridge

The importance of Norman Castles

The achievements of Henry II (1054-1089)

Richard I (1089-1099)

The final years of King John (1210-1215)

Edward I and Scotland

The Peasants’ Revolt (1381)

The Wool Trade in Medieval England

Joan of Arc (1412-1431)

The Capture of Constantinople (1453)

The Yorkists in the Wars of the Roses

Ferdinand Magellan (1480-1521)

The Mary Rose

Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn

Ket’s Rebellion (1547)

The Marian Persecution (1553-1558)

Elizabeth I and William Cecil

The defeat of the Spanish Armada (1588)

James I (1603-1625)

The Pilgrim Fathers (1620)

Archbishop William Laud (1573-1645)

The importance of the New Model Army

Charles II and the Restoration

Samuel Pepys (1633-1703)

The Battle of Killiecrankie (1689)

The Duke of Marlborough’s military successes

The 1715 Jacobite Rebellion

George Handel (1685-1759)

The Seven Years’ War (1756-1763)

Canals in the 18th Century in England

The Agricultural Revolution in the 18th Century

The Boston Tea Party (1773)

The Settlement of Australia (1788 on)

The achievements of Horatio Nelson (1758-1805)

The 1832 Reform Bill

The Lancashire Cotton Industry

The Chartists

Isambard Kingdom Brunel (1806-1859)

Viscount Palmerston (1784-1865)

The Great Exhibition (1851)

The Indian Mutiny (1857)

The Battle of Gettysburg (1863)

Rorke’s Drift (1879)

David Lloyd George (1863-1945)

Captain Scott of the Antarctic (1868-1912)

Albert Einstein (1879-1955)

The reasons for the start of World War I

The Suffragette Movement

The Battle of the Somme (1916)

The General Strike (1926)

The Nazi Party in Germany (1920-1945)

Winston Churchill becomes Prime Minister (1940)

The Fall of Singapore (1942)

The Assassination of President Kennedy (1963)

Martin Luther King (1929-1968)

The development of computers

The Vietnam War (1956-1975)

The end of Apartheid in South Africa (1994)



2.  You are a foreign visitor to England in either 1500 or 1600 or 1700 or 1800 or 1900.  Write (in English!) about your stay, mentioning social, political and artistic aspects that you have noticed.  Start with the word: ‘I…’


OR: Choose any date before 1950 and write a letter as if you were a grandfather aged 75 to your grandson aged 13 outlining the most momentous events in your life and explaining their importance.  Start the letter with the word ‘I…’


3.  Answer TWO of the following: 

a. How were the Romans able to conquer Britain, and then occupy it for over 300 years?


b. Write an essay on ONE of the following titles: the spread of Christianity in Britain before 1066; the clash between the Kingdom of Wessex and the Danes; the rule of King Cnut and its consequences.


c. Did the Norman Conquest change England significantly?  If so, how?


d. Who was to blame in ONE of the following conflicts: Henry II and Thomas Becket; King John and the Barons; Henry III and Simon de Montfort?


e.Choose ONE of the following battles, explain its course and assess its importance for the future: Bannockburn; Crecy; Agincourt; Towton; Bosworth Field; Marston Moor; Sedgemoor; Culloden.


f.Review the evidence of ONE of the following mysteries, and say what you think may have happened: the death of William II; the disappearance of the Princes in the Tower; the death of Amy Robsart; the death of Lord Darnley; the Gunpowder Plot.


g. Write on ONE of the following pairs whose lives were closely linked: Martin Luther and John Calvin; Thomas Wolsey and Thomas More; Thomas Cranmer and Thomas Cromwell; William Cecil and Robert Cecil; John Hawkins and Francis Drake; William Shakespeare and Christopher Marlowe; John Hampden and John Pym; Thomas Fairfax and George Monck.


h. Why did Charles I lose the Civil Wars (1642-1648) and then lose his head?


i. Write an essay on ONE of the following: Oliver Cromwell as Lord Protector; the Anglo-Dutch wars; the rapid downfall of James II; the career of William of Orange; the South Sea Bubble; the long political dominance of Robert Walpole; the victories in the Seven Years’ War (1756-1763).


j. Choose any architect, artist, explorer, poet, musician, novelist or scientist working before the 20th century, who may have inspired you.  Explain why and write on his or her work and importance.


k. Choose, from any country, any political figure (but not a monarch) who was influential between 1485 and 1945, and assess his or her achievements and importance.


l. What factors allowed Great Britain to take the lead in the world in industrial development in the years 1750 to 1850?


m. Why was there a stalemate in warfare on the Western Front in the First World War?  For what reasons were the allies eventually able to break through?


n. Write on ONE of the following titles on the Second World War: ‘The Battle of Britain – how did we survive?’;  ‘El Alamein – was it the turning point?’;  ‘Stalingrad – a catalogue of German blunders’;  ‘D-Day – a brave and brilliant plan.’


o. Write on ONE of the following titles:  Lenin and the Bolsheviks gain power in Russia; the Cultural Revolution in China; the collapse of Communism after 1989.


p. If you have studied any local history or researched your family, give the details and then say how it has changed your perception of history.


q. The creation of a coalition government in 2010 might be seen as a political turning point in Great Britain’s history.  Choose any year since 1500, and say why you regard the events of that year to be important in determining the future.  Write the date of the year clearly at the top of the essay.

2011

2010Recent_Papers_2010_Paper_1.html

2011   Paper 2

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